Thailand approved medical cannabis use and research on Tuesday. The legalization in Thailand is the first of its kind in a region with some of the world’s strictest drug laws.

The junta-appointed parliament in Thailand, a country which until the 1930s had a tradition of using cannabis to relieve pain and fatigue, voted to amend the Narcotic Act of 1979 in an extra-parliamentary session handling a rush of bills before the New Year’s holidays.

This is a New Year’s gift from the National Legislative Assembly to the government and the Thai people,

said Somchai Sawangkarn, chairman of the drafting committee, in a televised parliamentary session.

While countries from Colombia to Canada have legalized cannabis for medical or recreational use, the drug remains illegal and taboo across much of Southeast Asia, which has some of the world’s harshest punishments for drug law violations.

Marijuana traffickers can be subject to the death penalty in Singapore, Indonesia and Malaysia. We recently wrote about a brit who might face the death penalty in Bali.

In Thailand, the main controversy with legalization involved patent requests by foreign firms that could allow them to dominate the market, making it harder for Thai patients to access medicines and for Thai researchers to obtain cannabis extracts.

We’re going to demand that the government revoke all these requests before the law takes effect,

said Panthep Puapongpan, Dean of the Rangsit Institute of Integrative Medicine and Anti-Aging.

Some Thai advocates hope that Tuesday’s approval will pave the way for legalization for recreational use.

This is the first baby step forward,

said Chokwan Chopaka, an activist with Highland Network, a cannabis legalization advocacy group in Thailand.